Remove loose concrete from the chipped surface. Chipped or chipped parts can be removed with a cold chisel and hammer. Cut a square around the chipped concrete three-eighths of an inch deep with a circular saw. If you have chipping on the wall of a basement or other vertical concrete surface, the solution can be a bit complicated.
To fix a concrete wall that is chipping, you must first cut the concrete around the chipped area. Make the cut about three-eighths of an inch deep with a circular saw. See DIAGONAL CRACKS in BLOCK FOUNDATIONS, WALLS for details on diagonal cracks in both concrete blocks and poured concrete foundation walls and for advice on assessing the severity of damage. But rarely did these flimsy versions of the modern (and harder, stronger) concrete block lead to a construction failure due to its innate properties.
If there were an inch or so, then yes, you would want to hire an experienced bricklayer or a structural or civil engineer who had experience and knowledge in residential block foundations. Protect the new look of your countertop with a sealant such as Quikrete's Concrete %26 Masonry Waterproofing Sealant, which will prevent damage from acid spills, such as vinegar or lemon juice. Thankfully, while husking is definitely a monstrosity, it won't really compromise the structural integrity of your driveway, sidewalk, or patio. Under the peeling, the damage of the cinder block foundation wall is in my opinion superficial and cosmetic, not structural, but it does tell us.
These cracks are usually visible in the part of the base of the concrete block that remains above ground level. Semco has the same positive characteristics of concreteSemco will offer the same positive characteristics of concrete in appearance and durability, but at the same time will compensate for its shortcomings. Lucky for you, stains and scratches rarely penetrate deeper than the top layer of a concrete countertop, so you don't have to remove too much surface to get rid of them. However, if these joints were never sealed, or if the old sealant has hardened, crumbled or separated from concrete at some points, the joints cannot do their job.
Chipping of foundations is almost always due to age or drainage problems and not due to improper construction practices. Repairing the chipping of concrete can be as simple as fixing the underlying problem, removing damaged material from the surface, and re-pouring a part of the slab. I had the men tell me about it as they broke the concrete porch built with the house; they covered it with mesh and waterproof wire mortar, but I saw where they needed a different approach. Horizontal cracks in a cinder block wall more immediately threaten serious collapse than vertical cracks.
As far as I know on the subject, the only solutions that you can apply from the inside, such as another sealant or a large layer of concrete and lime stucco, are temporary solutions and any real solution would have to be made from the outside of the base.