When it comes to arranging a concrete garage floor, there are several steps that need to be taken in order to ensure maximum durability. The first step is to clean the slab and fill any deep holes and cracks. This can be done with an epoxy, polyurethane, or polyurea crack repair product that can be sanded. For smaller areas that are only 1" deep, the product should be allowed to rest for 30 days.
If the concrete is dusted, it is likely due to too much water being used on the surface or in the mixture. To avoid this, it is important not to add extra water when applying the palette for a smooth finish. This weakens the surface layer and causes small fines in the concrete to rise to the surface. For larger areas of pitting and chipping, a 100% epoxy concrete patch with a sand aggregate should be used.
Legacy Industrial's 5 ton epoxy patch kit is a good example of this. Epoxy is also a common way to fill larger cracks, as is a mixture of polymerized concrete. The polymer acts as a binder and helps adhere the filler to the rest of the original concrete on the floor. Control joints should also be placed in order to weaken the concrete so that if it cracks due to shrinkage, it will crack at the weakest point.
Broken concrete edges and edges, deep holes, and areas where repair may need to be shaped should also be taken into account. Once cured, repairs can be ground or sanded flush with concrete to accept paint or an epoxy coating. To reverse any imperfections before they cause deeper structural problems, a premium product such as concrete leveler should be used. This should be mixed with enough water to cover the entire surface of the garage floor while filling any depressions.
Finally, it is important to protect the garage floor from further pitting or splintering by sealing the floor or applying a coating. When arranging a concrete garage floor, it is important to take all of these steps into consideration in order to ensure maximum durability and prevent any further damage from occurring. By using an epoxy, polyurethane, or polyurea crack repair product and applying a sealant or coating afterwards, you can ensure that your garage floor will remain in good condition for years to come.